ONE pioneering agreement between Israel and Sudan Assembled as a diplomatic triumph by Donald Trump on Friday, it will only proceed if approved by the Sudanese Legislative Council, which does not currently exist, senior officials in Khartoum said.
The statements show that the prospects of the agreement leading to concrete results in the near future are limited. If implemented, it would make Sudan the third Arab country to abandon hostilities Israel the last two months.
“Agreement to normalize with Israel “It will be decided after the completion of the constitutional institutions through the formation of the legislative council,” Omar Gamareldin, Sudan’s deputy foreign minister, told state television on Friday.
The statement can help neutralize the domestic opposition in the movement Sudan.
There were widespread protests in Khartoum, the Sudanese capital. Protesters burned the Israeli flag, shouting “go to hell” and “no to normalization with Israel.”
Some of the leaders of the Freedom and Change Forces, the main organizers of the protest movement that led to the ouster of veteran leader Omar al-Bashir last year, rejected the decision.
Al-Sadiq al-Mahdi, the former prime minister and leader of the Umma party, said his faction would seek to block the deal through legal action.
The transitional government in Sudan remains fragile. Last week, hundreds of thousands of people took to the streets across the country demanding reform and protest for deteriorating economic conditions.
Mohammed Babikir, a pro-democracy activist in Khartoum, said he opposed the agreement with Israel, which he described as “humiliating to his soul”. [Sudanese] revolution [which is] is the fight against injustice. “
Yasser Fayez, a political analyst in Khartoum, said the decision to move towards normalizing relations with Israel “must have a popular mandate from the people of Sudan.”
“This decision violates democracy itself, [because] “Nobody in Sudan knows what they have actually agreed on.”
Trump signed the agreement between Sudan and Israel in a telephone conversation with the Israeli prime minister on Friday. Benjamin Netanyahu, his Sudanese counterpart Abdalla Hamdok and Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, chairman of Sudan’s Transitional Supreme Council.
“The leaders agreed to normalize relations between the two countries Sudan “and end the state of conflict between their nations,” the three countries said in a joint statement.
But Sudan remains without a parliament and elections only take place in 2022. A legislature is set to be set up before the polls, but its creation has already been delayed and may not happen at all.
In August, both Hamdok and Burhan warned US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo that the Sudanese sovereign council and cabinet could not make such a decision on their own.
“The issue remains very controversial in Sudan, as the events of the last few days show. “The burning of Israeli flags in Khartoum and statements by key political leaders suggest that continuing normalization with Israel would put the government in a tight spot,” said Jean-Baptiste Gallopin, an independent researcher in Sudan.
“Haddock has stated that he does not believe that the transitional authorities have the mandate to normalize with Israel without further consultation with the Sudanese political forces,” Gallopin said.
Observers suggest that there is a deep divide between the military and political leaders of the Sudanese interim government over how quickly and how far they should go to build ties with Israel. Citizens seem to be more afraid of domestic public opinion, with senior soldiers more enthusiastic about gaining US support.
A crucial point in the negotiations was Sudan’s insistence that an agreement be reached with Israel. not be linked to the removal of Khartoum from a list of states supporting US terrorism.
Sudan was added to the list in 1993, when it was under the authoritarian rule of Bashir, and has made it difficult for the transitional government in Khartoum to have direct access to debt relief and foreign financing.
Sudan, burdened with $ 60 billion in foreign debt, is in dire need of financial assistance to reorganize its economy. Inflation reached 167% in August and the currency has fallen as the government prints money to subsidize bread, fuel and electricity.
The United States has asked Sudan to pay $ 335 million to be distributed to victims of al-Qaeda bombings in the US embassies in Kenya and Tanzania in 1998. A US court has ruled that Khartoum played a key role in the attacks. which were organized by Saudi fighter Osama bin Laden from Afghanistan.
Sudan agreed to the terms earlier this month, and Trump said he would order the removal, but Congress must approve the move.