Eliseo Gil, former director of excavations at Roman archeological site
Iruña-Veleia was sentenced to prison and fined for “manipulating” written records historically at the time, either by himself or “through third parties,” according to CNN documents.
In 2005 and 2006, Gil announced that his team had found pieces of clay in the area, near the town of Vitoria-Gasteiz.
in the Basque Country of Spain. The objects, he said, date from the 3rd century AD. and contained Egyptian hieroglyphic references, representations of the crucifixion and signs of the Basque language, Spanish newspaper El Pais reported.
At the time, the discovery was considered revolutionary and was seen as the first written example of the Basque language, 800 years earlier than previous examples, El Pais said.
However, two years later, a multidisciplinary committee of linguistics, ancient history, archeology, chemistry and philology experts found the discovery to be false, Reuters news agency reported. mentionted.
Experts who studied the pieces found inconsistencies such as the lack of syntax, modern spelling of words and names and phrases incompatible with the supposed time period, El Pais previously noted
According to the newspaper, experts in philology and ancient history challenged the emergence of Latin words with more modern features, such as the use of the letter J in Jupiter instead of Latin spelling, “Iupiter” or “Octavian Augustus” for reference to the Emperor Augustus.
Initially, Gil and his team defended their controversial findings from the “great turmoil” they caused.
In a statement posted on an archived version of the excavation team’s website, which is no longer active, Gil and his team defended the findings, which allegedly consisted of “a massive set of graffiti – inscriptions and engraved graffiti in various media – excellent character from the texts and themes presented. “
In February, Gil maintained his innocence in statements made to the press.
On Wednesday, a Vitoria-Gasteiz court judge found Gil guilty of forgery and fraud, sentencing him to two years, three months and 23 days in prison.
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